A few medieval illustrations have a relevant importance in the plot, not just as an aesthetical function, but also as a narrative. Two of them belong to Tomàs le Myésier’s Brevicullum, another to Ramon Llull’s The Tree of Science.

The Brevicullum is an abridged version of the Electorum, a compilation of Llull’s writings by Le Myésier, which is preserved at the Landesbibliothek of Karlsruhe, in Germany.

Le Myésier included twelve miniature sheets where, in a visual way, Ramon Llull’s life is narrated. The two Brevicullum miniature sheets that have been used are the following;

  • Sheet 11 is the representation of moment in which Llull hands the Brevucullum to Le Myésier. The important act of knowledge transfer is expressed in a very visual way, very similar to todays comic books.
  • Sheet 5 where Llull’s ARS’ principles are represented. It is the illustration that the professor uses to explain Llull’s ARS and where memory appears as one of the virtues.

The third illustration, Arbor Moralis, is from Llull’s book The Tree of Science and represents in a schematic way the principles of morality. The book has sixteen trees in which Ramon Llull tries to compile his knowledge in an encyclopaedic and illustrative way.


  • Lm. 11 - Breviculum
    Lm. 11 - Breviculum
  • Lm. 5 - Breviculum
    Lm. 5 - Breviculum
  • Arbor Moralis - Arbre de ciència
    Arbor Moralis - Arbre de ciència